What Are The Different Types Of Steering Systems?
Driving requires a continuous grip on the steering wheel for an extended period of time. The steering wheel can become slick if your hands get sweaty, which won’t just compromise your comfort on the road but potentially the safety of yourself and others. That’s why it helps if you understand the different types of steering systems available.
What are the different types of steering systems?
The most common steering wheel types are the rack-and-pinion steering wheel system and recirculating-ball steering system. Regardless of your choice, the steering system of any vehicle is responsible for providing you with a smooth drive.
It is important to familiarise yourself with the types and uses available on most cars, so let’s take a look at six different steering systems out there.
1. Telescope steering wheel
An embedded telescope mechanism controls the steering wheel with telescoping capabilities, which moves the wheel forward or backward. This adjustable model of steering wheel ensures you can adjust it according to your height in myriad ways.
2. Tilt steering wheel
General Motors first introduced the tilt steering wheel in 1963, and it has mainly been found in luxury vehicles since then. It is possible to adjust the steering wheel so that it is comfortable for different types of drivers.
By turning it up and down, a tilt steering wheel’s arc can be raised or lowered. Due to the design of the wheels, if the wheel position changes, the steering column remains unaffected. A ratchet system located beneath the steering wheel is used to achieve this.
3. Adjustable steering wheel
The wheel that adjusts the steering column also adjusts the height, but differently than telescope steering wheels. Instead of changing the height of the steering wheel with this wheel, you can change its title.
In place of ratchet mechanisms, adjustable steering column-wheels use electric motors and compression locks. However, these steering wheel changes are less pronounced than tilt steering wheels.
4. Swing-away steering wheel
The Ford Thunderbird was first equipped with this feature in 1961 to help people get into and out of the car. As soon as you park, you can move the steering wheel around 23cm to the right.
5. Steering wheel with recirculating balls
A recirculating ball steering wheel is the mechanism that turns the wheels of a vehicle in any direction. Such steering wheels require a Pitman’s arm, and additionally, it ties the Pitman shaft’s links to the steering gear.
6. Rack-and-pinion steering wheels
As the name suggests, both a pinion and a rack are attached in rack-and-pinion steering wheels. Rotation is translated into linear motion using this system. Most small cars use a rack-and-pinion system instead of recirculating balls. There are fewer moving parts in rack-and-pinion steering systems. Consequently, the driver has greater control over the car’s wheels. The driver can steer easily thanks to this.
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